Wednesday, October 8, 2008

WHY THE GOVERNMENT HASN'T REJECTED THE PROPOSAL YET???


Since last year I have been fearing the fact that Gamma might be implementing a waste incinerator at La Chaumiere. Since I live at Roche Brunes, I cannot ignore all the possible dangers (no matter what the government said). What is really bizarre is that no one is ready to produce reports of experts to the public. Though there has been a petition of 2000 persons against the project, Gamma still seems to be in for the project. How fair is it that some rich companies get to do what they wish and worse have the support of the government. Hmm..is there a faint odour of money under the table here??? Seems like the situation to me!

Well, what can I say? All those sitting at the head of the country don't care because they don't live nearby. Let's see where all this goes...


Below is an article(in french) which was published in L'Express:

Incinérateur à La-Chaumière : Gamma face aux habitants

Deux nouvelles associations citoyennes refusent que les déchets soient brûlés dans leur région. Les promoteurs du projet se veulent rassurants.

«Il faut appliquer le principe de précaution et ne pas aller de l’avant avec ce projet car il y a trop de risques.» Tel est l’avis de Vassen Kauppaymuthoo, ingénieur en environnement. Il s’exprime sur l’implantation d’un incinérateur de déchets à La-Chaumière pour produire de l’électricité. Il intervenait lors d’une réunion de sensibilisation organisée par le Mouvement social pour l’environnement (MSE) et la Plate-forme anti-pollution (PAP), deux associations nouvellement créées. C’était mardi soir à Bambous, devant quelque 80 personnes.

Pour Vassen Kauppaymuthoo, l’incinération demande des mesures complémentaires qui ne sont pas encore disponibles à Maurice. «Les résidus suite à l’incinération donneront un concentré toxique qui demande le même traitement que des déchets radioactifs. Le résidu doit être vitrifié d’abord, mis dans des fûts en polyéthylène et enterré à 200 ou 300 mètres.»

Avis que partage Dr Iqbal Bhugun, docteur en chimie. Il pense qu’il ne faut pas accepter ce projet qui représente «un danger pour la santé à cause de ses émissions de dioxine et de furanne». Ce qui affecterait nappes phréatiques, animaux et légumes. Pour le Dr Bhugun, les pays qui ont de tels incinérateurs ont pris des risques et ils ne peuvent plus reculer. «Ces risques ne peuvent pas être pris ici, vu notre superficie. De plus, nous n’avons pas la technologie requise pour monitor ses implications

Sollicitée pour une réaction, Indira Pochun, project development manager chez Gamma s’en défend bec et ongles. «Selon le rapport sur l’émission de dioxine et de furanne, réalisé à Maurice en 2003, les sources majeures d’émission de ces substances sont la production d’énergie à partir de la bagasse (41 %) et les incinérateurs des hôpitaux (33 %)… Puisque nous allons traiter les déchets des hôpitaux, nous allons au contraire contribuer à purifier l’atmosphère de 33 % des émissions toxiques», explique-t-elle. Elle ajoute qu’«un quart des investissements, soit Rs 1,25 milliards, va dans l’Air Control Pollution System». Gaston Lew, autre intervenant, qui travaille dans un laboratoire de toxicologie, dit sa peur : «Y a-t-il un laboratoire qui pourra tester le taux de pollution», demande-t-il.

Indira Pochun assure que Gamma s’est déclaré prête à financer l’installation d’un laboratoire, géré par les habitants eux-mêmes et qui leur permettrait de contrôler quotidiennement les taux de pollution. Elle concède qu’il y a deux types de résidus, dont la fly ash (20 %) toxique. Ce résidu, qui contient des métaux lourds et de la dioxine, subira trois étapes pour éviter tout risque, dit-elle.


Danger des toxines

Vassen Kauppaymuthoo avance que les tests de vent auraient dû être faits sur le site de La-Chaumière et non à Plaisance. Indira Pochun déclare n’avoir pas pu faire «autrement car il n’y a que deux stations climatologiques pour faire ces tests et les conditions de Plaisance se rapprochent davantage de La-Chaumière que l’autre site».

Indira Pochun conteste l’argument du Dr Bhugun qu’ailleurs, il n’y pas d’habitation dans un rayon de cinq kilomètres de ce genre d’incinérateur : «A Newmunster en Allemagne, un incinérateur se trouve en plein cœur d’une zone résidentielle. Quant à nous, nous avons respecté la distance que stipule l’EIA», relève-t-elle.

Un centre d’enfouissement risque de menacer la nappe phréatique tandis que le principal danger d’un centre d’incinération viendrait des toxines rejetées dans l’air. Le rapport Environment impact assessment de Gamma Civic et à l’expérience de son associé américain, qui opère déjà en Asie, le taux de résidu gazeux (toxine) est inférieur au seuil autorisé. A préciser toutefois que les estimations de tout EIA, dont celui de Gamma Civic, sont basées sur les données, parfois partielles, fournies par le commanditaire de ce rapport.

Pour leur part, la PAP et le MSE ont envoyé au ministre de l’Environnement et au Premier ministre, le 23 mars, une pétition signée par 2 000 habitants de la région. Hedley Pallany, l’un des membres fondateurs de la PAP, lance un appel pour que d’autres se joignent à son mouvement.

MSE est une association qui regroupe des habitants des endroits avoisinants le site proposé, dont Roches-Brunes, Mont-Roches, Camp-Levieux, Albion, Gros-Cailloux et Canot. Hedley Pallany déclare «qu’il n’est même pas question que l’incinérateur s’implante dans une autre région non plus». Ils souhaitent une alternative, tel le compostage. Mais certains déchets ne pourront jamais être traités autrement que par l’enfouissement : pensez au béton…


Corinne MINERVE

17 comments:

tushal said...

You know Reena, we live in a country where the "dirigant" don't care about the general population.
Another example which I can give you is that which is in the headlines in almost every country.

CHINA PRODUCTS! ! !
We were late to have those products remove and not only that.
We have products which are still on the market.

Live long f*cking Mauritius and its f*cking "dirigants"

reena.dkl said...

Thnx Tushal :)

You know what came to my mind concerning the chinese products??? That the government wants to get rid of all chinese products (which are very cheap compared to others) and dig a deeper gap between the rich (who can afford all the expensive milk etc..) and let the poor die.

Now that's what into my mind, but you are so right. Why are the products still on the shelves if they are that dangerous!!???

Same applies when there is a rise in price. Supermarkets work overnight to change the price. When prices fall...ooooppps! the concerned department from the government has not given the new prices yet. (Last time one the supermarket manager said this on tv!!!)

God! Mauritius IS CORRUPTED to the very DNA! This government is simply *&%#@!!!

And worse after 5 years the mauritians will revote for these same @#$%&!!!

Fouf! Pas facile sa!

Yashvin said...

There are several ways to make others hear you...

Blogging is one of them, generally used to create an awareness in the virtual community.
Next comes the newspapers, radio stations...
Now that nothing seems to work, you can still try to warn other private institutions including international ones...

That would be great :D

reena.dkl said...

Hmm..thnx Yashvin.

Actually there are many activists in the region who are manifesting against the incinerator.

BUT as usual those sitting up there don't seem to care. We have gone through petitions etc and still nothing changed. There has been experts speaking about the dangerous consequences, still nothing to change those pigs' mind.

The PM is such a @#$%* with 'so sourire hypocrite!' God how can Mauritians be so blind and stupid to re-vote for this selfish man!!??? and his stupid government!!!!

EEEEEEEEEEEEkkkkkkkkkkkk!!!

Am so angry at the whole situation.

tushal said...

Something which a friend told me.

Kot ena corruption and cash, ena dimoune honete..

honete in another sense.not the plain honest sense.


We live in a pure capitalist country where only money counts.

Concerning the decrease and increase of the prices.Well..ki kpv dire..
ek..ceki pa koner..Mauritius in perdi place dan index corruption..
li ti 43..i think..
lin vin 53 or 57..
v dire..corruption pe gagne du terrain...
Live long Mauritius.

Shah said...

Ola Reena :) How're you doing? Fine, I hope.

I read your entry and I'm helpless. Well, I had submitted a report to SADC for all countries to work together, in the conversion of waste to crude oil via the thermal conversion process. The report was ignored. (that was more than 3 years ago)

Still, Gamma is offering you folks, a lab to test the atmosphere (*cough* by an independent third party.) It's pretty cool. I suggest you start getting air samples analysed right now before implementation of the project, so as to have a baseline to perform comparisons later on.

I know it sounds awful but there's nothing you can do. All guidelines have been maintained.

I believe the leaders have no choice, and through procurement process, Gamma got chosen. It's all within the legal framework.

What I do believe is that leaders (not just in MRU) have a lack of vision. Everyday, I hear the same crap about "ile durable." Still, the summertime changes affects productivity (esp. in the field of business and IT - and I'm not referring to call centres but the few software production shops- btw, there's a hardware shop in MRU which has patented a product called the LCD PC. You just stick the device to your monitor and have a powerful PC. check out sayainformatics.com) which goes against the "ile durable" concept.

Anyway, the leaders are men (and women so as to not sound sexist) who lack vision and the stamina to bring change (because there is a pride to exploit and promote ignorance in MRU - and I'm referring to people who are against solar water heaters because their religious beliefs have deemed the sun as evil.)

Oh, one more thing since I'm writing about the environment. Do you know that the "exchange 1 lightbulb + Rs. 40 to obtain 3 energy saving lamps" is dangerous. The new lamps don't have the protective casing. There is a risk of skin cancer through the UV radiation. Of course, the ignorant shall stay ignorant because nobody informs them about it.

Note: One may not know about something and when knowing it, decides to act. One isn't an ignorant.

If one doesn't act and doesn't reason upon receiving new information, one is ignorant.

I'd to state the reason for which I'd used the word so as readers don't feel offended.

Wow. My comment is kinda long. Hope you don't mind.

Enjoy the weekend, Reena :) I wish Michel and you well.
:)
Shah

reena.dkl said...

Wow! Hi Shah! Thnx for the d really interesting and informative comments!

Is it real that the economy bulbs can be cause of danger?????

I mean this whole government is shit! I can't understand how they can be so ignorant...i mean isn't there supposed to be testing etc done before anything is approved?

Oh concerning Gamma and it's project, I know the company is only business minded and the ones setting it up do not live nearby...so they just don't give the least s%$#%$#T about the place.

Anyway concerning energy saving, I was going to create another post for it...

Thnx dear! Great week to you :)
(In this so wonderful country of corrupted and selfish a#$%^& holes!)

Yashvin said...

btw, Carrot had written a very nice post on this topic, I am sure you have all read about it, but still :)

http://themediaguru.blogspot.com/2009/03/way-backward.html

reena.dkl said...

Yeah, thnx Yashvin. Great post. Am reading it la...Thnx again for the link :)

Ashfaq said...

@reena- "Hmm..is there a faint odour of money under the table here??? Seems like the situation to me!" - there is always money in such projects, normally to the range of 5-8% of the total project money is for the government, and that is for all governments who have made projects since independence.

"Coventa partner was tried in court for not respecting some legal and health matter"-I heard about it, but going through the project documents, i didn't find anything which could land them in court this, the project is pretty much better because it is a new generation incinerator compared to the one they were sent to court for!.

"I mean if it’s not that bad, why don’t they build it near Patrice Ah Tek’ house or the Prime Minister’s house" Because they have to respect EIA's recommendations for their project to be accepted. 5kms..i thought it was 3kms, but 5 is better!lolzz..

"he talked some nonsense and changed the topic."-i dont want to defend him, but he is from gamma not coventa, can't see why he should reply for coventa's past legal matters !

"Gaston Lew, autre intervenant, qui travaille dans un laboratoire de toxicologie, dit sa peur : «Y a-t-il un laboratoire qui pourra tester le taux de pollution», demande-t-il."- Reading between the lines, i would deduce his laboratory would be really happy to get the contract for the air tests. Everyone wants a share, that's reality.

"Vassen Kauppaymuthoo avance que les tests de vent auraient dû être faits sur le site de La-Chaumière et non à Plaisance" Test de vent! only choose where the wind flows. Nothing to do with toxicology!

"tandis que le principal danger d’un centre d’incinération viendrait des toxines rejetées dans l’air"- their will not be toxines in the air, the fumes will go through air filter and electromagnetic filtering to remove other stuffs.

"qu’il n’est même pas question que l’incinérateur s’implante dans une autre région non plus" savannah central thermique is at 100metres from zone habitable!!what is the heck with those persons!!!..

"Mais certains déchets ne pourront jamais être traités autrement que par l’enfouissement" False, treating and dumping is not the same thing, if you take plastic for example, what is the use to dump plastic ? Some plastics are thermoplastics and some are thermosetting plastics, and the latter cannot be remoulded, meaning cannot be recycled. Thus, the only solution is incineration.

I liked your post a lot, showed a lot of my views, and the only reason why i have not posted on this issue knowing everything about the project is that i would be kind of biased since i honestly find this project a good one. Furthermore, i do not think you will be getting any air pollution compared to the Mare chycose people !! whereby even if their is no "toxines" in the air, the air is still irrespirable there ! The project also comprises of a dumping area, whereby the ashes and residue from the incinerator will be dumped, which are just oxides, thus they will return back to soil. As for fly ashes !!! This is a waste to energy incinerator not just an incinerator, the fumes will go thru a lot of machineries to produce energy thus eliminating any ashes and also the air filter is by itself enough to block fly ashes !!..

Nice post reena :)

reena.dkl said...

@ Ashfaq

:) Thnx for the comment.

I agree that P. Ah Tek is not Covanta, but Gamma. BUT the project is a Gamma-Covanta project. So he needs to be able to know what is going on with his partner non???

Anyway, am just worried because there are so many holes in the whole story. I live near so my concern is justified. Maybe am selfish and thinking about myself, but I still believe that this project will result in a health disaster. Believe me. I just know it.

I vote for recycling. As a designer I know that most waste can be recycled. Instead of pocketing the money, maybe the government should allow people to show off their talents in recycled craft. Believe me, you'll see wonders!

Anyway, I pray the project does not come true...as do most people residing near me...

Ashfaq said...

lolz.. :) i guess he should be informed in some way about his partner yeaaa..but i dont think he has the right to talk on their behalf for other matters.. lolz..
Don't worry nothing that bad would happen, i think in the end however, you would prefer an incineration plant near your house ( 5kms away ) than a dumping area like mare chicose !!lolzz.. hahaha ..

As a future engineer, i vote for recycling too :) but nevertheless i know the limitations of recycling, some plastics are simply not recyclable..:S
Btw, another issue in mauritius, mauritius was selling diesel with 2500 ppm ( particle per millions ) and it is only now that they taking it done to 500 ppm !!..and even then in Europe, it is 10-50 ppm!!.. knowing the black smokes of buses and 4x4 !!.. and the number of diesel vehicles on our roads, i think that would be a better fight for a greener mauritius :) because vehicles move everywhere, thus pollution is uncontrollable, whereas incinerator is located somewhere and tests can be performed for air and all. I think the diesel mauritius imports issue should be damn worthy one but in Mauritius, WHO CARES !! sad sad mauritius :(

reena.dkl said...

Lol Ashfaq...I do care but cannot do much...unfortunately. The power lies in the hands of the rich and this whole thing is so sad...

Bref...lets' hope we find some good coming out of it...

reena.dkl said...

A link for more detailed infos:

http://www.incinerationmauritius.com/

rajenvalayden said...

Hi everyone

Your comments about the incinerator and other general issues are very interesting but let me tell you that expressing yourself vritually doesn't really help. So lets stop just shooting at the system or politicians in the cyberspace. we need to get our heads together and in every sphere of our life try to make this world a better place. we need to take to the streets when the need arises and voice out our anger allwhile knowing what the practical alternatives are. The incinerator puts our whole island at risk. we are at the crossroads of history and the choice is ours.Despite my very hectic schedule, i manage to give up 3 hrs daily to fight against this apocalytic project. there are few other friends who are giving up watching tv serials , discos or parties so that we can win this fight. every thing you people have today, from tip to toe, be it your life , cloths, rights, food or even ur blog is the result of someone's struggle. Now its your turn to struggle so that forthcomming generations can have a decent bite at life. If you are interested lets meet. lets talk and lets act.. Rajen Valayden - R2L ( Right to live) r2lmauritius@gmail.com

reena.dkl said...

Thank you for your comment Rajen. I would love to do something...I will certainly give you a call...

Thnx again :)

reena.dkl said...

This is what someone left in my mail box:

"
ACTivist wrote:

the population is not aware of the ‘NON-DITS’ of the EIA report.

I agree with some points raised by Ashfaq IE, emissions of vehicles, not all plastic are recyclable; but:

- it shows that the authorities cannot monitor small things like emissions of vehicle, will they be able to monitor a waste incinerator WITHOUT ANY RISK for the population moreover without any laboratory available in Mauritius?

- Can the authorities or the Promoter give a guarantee that compensation will be paid to all concerned if ever…

- Knowing that the emissions will affect the area in a periphery of +/- 40 Kms (see attachment), can the authorities or the promoter compensate the ‘loss of value’ of the people lands in this area???

- Plantations and farming around the project are bound to disappear…

- Wastes in Mauritius are made of 65% organic wastes, which are compost able, 12% paper, recyclable, 10% plastic, most of it recyclable, etc… (all info on our website as you have seen), we are left with less than 10% wastes that cannot be recyclable.

- Some recyclable projects are already on tract, IE. 100,000 T for compost, 40,000 T for paper, knowing that the total volume of wastes in Mauritius is less that 400,000 T and that the project is an incineration plant of 300,000 T, we are already short of 40,000 T… and more projects of recycling are coming.

- Moreover, humidity in Mauritius is very high, to be able to produce 20 MGW of electricity the promoter will have to use an incredible amount of DIESEL to compensate the low calorific value, 13,000 T / year… just calculate how much it will cost the nation on top of the tipping fee of USD 39 / T + diesel to compensate shortage of wastes (NOT SAID in the EIA report), for 25 years??? THE HEDGING ISSUE OF AIR MAURITIUS IS A BABY COMPARED TO THIS ONE …

- 90,000 T of ash that will be landfill on the site will affect this area for more than 100 years… can we accept that for our future generations???

These are just a few issues...."